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Tuesday, November 14, 2023

Microsoft Patch Tuesday, November 2023 Version – Krebs on Safety

Microsoft immediately launched updates to repair greater than 5 dozen safety holes in its Home windows working techniques and associated software program, together with three “zero day” vulnerabilities that Microsoft warns are already being exploited in energetic assaults.

The zero-day threats concentrating on Microsoft this month embrace CVE-2023-36025, a weak spot that enables malicious content material to bypass the Home windows SmartScreen Safety function. SmartScreen is a built-in Home windows element that tries to detect and block malicious web sites and recordsdata. Microsoft’s safety advisory for this flaw says attackers might exploit it by getting a Home windows person to click on on a booby-trapped hyperlink to a shortcut file.

Kevin Breen, senior director of risk analysis at Immersive Labs, stated emails with .url attachments or logs with processes spawning from .url recordsdata “must be a excessive precedence for risk hunters given the energetic exploitation of this vulnerability within the wild.”

The second zero day this month is CVE-2023-36033, which is a vulnerability within the “DWM Core Library” in Microsoft Home windows that was exploited within the wild as a zero day and publicly disclosed previous to patches being out there. It impacts Microsoft Home windows 10 and later, in addition to Microsoft Home windows Server 2019 and subsequent variations.

“This vulnerability will be exploited regionally, with low complexity and without having high-level privileges or person interplay,” stated Mike Walters, president and co-founder of the safety agency Action1. “Attackers exploiting this flaw might acquire SYSTEM privileges, making it an environment friendly methodology for escalating privileges, particularly after preliminary entry by way of strategies like phishing.”

The ultimate zero day on this month’s Patch Tuesday is an issue within the “Home windows Cloud Information Mini Filter Driver” tracked as CVE-2023-36036 that impacts Home windows 10 and later, in addition to Home windows Server 2008 at later. Microsoft says it’s comparatively easy for attackers to take advantage of CVE-2023-36036 as a technique to elevate their privileges on a compromised PC.

Past the zero day flaws, Breen stated organizations operating Microsoft Trade Server ought to prioritize a number of new Trade patches, together with CVE-2023-36439, which is a bug that will permit attackers to put in malicious software program on an Trade server. This weak spot technically requires the attacker to be authenticated to the goal’s native community, however Breen notes {that a} pair of phished Trade credentials will present that entry properly.

“That is sometimes achieved by way of social engineering assaults with spear phishing to realize preliminary entry to a bunch earlier than trying to find different weak inside targets – simply because your Trade Server doesn’t have internet-facing authentication doesn’t imply it’s protected,” Breen stated.

Breen stated this vulnerability goes hand in hand with three different Trade bugs that Microsoft designated as “exploitation extra doubtless:” CVE-2023-36050, CVE-2023-36039 and CVE-2023-36035.

Lastly, the SANS Web Storm Heart factors to two further bugs patched by Microsoft this month that aren’t but displaying indicators of energetic exploitation however that had been made public previous to immediately and thus deserve prioritization. These embrace: CVE-2023-36038, a denial of service vulnerability in ASP.NET Core, with a CVSS rating of 8.2; and CVE-2023-36413: A Microsoft Workplace safety function bypass. Exploiting this vulnerability will bypass the protected mode when opening a file obtained through the online.

Home windows customers, please contemplate backing up your knowledge and/or imaging your system earlier than making use of any updates. And be happy to pontificate within the feedback in case you expertise any difficulties on account of these patches.

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