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Friday, December 8, 2023

DNA-folding nanorobots can manufacture limitless copies of themselves

Researchers have demonstrated a programmable nano-scale robotic, produced from a number of strands of DNA, that is able to grabbing different snippets of DNA, and positioning them collectively to fabricate new UV-welded nano-machines – together with copies of itself.

The robots, based on New Scientist, are created utilizing simply 4 strands of DNA, and measure simply 100 nanometers throughout, so a couple of thousand of them might squeeze up right into a line the width of a human hair.

The crew, from New York College, the Ningbo Cixi Institute of Biomechanical Engineering, and The Chinese language Academy of Sciences, says the robots surpass earlier efforts, which have been solely in a position to assemble items into two-dimensional shapes. The brand new bots are in a position to make use of “multiple-axis exact folding and positioning” to “entry the third dimension and extra levels of freedom.”

These nano-bots are sometimes considered as potential methods of producing medication, enzymes and different chemical substances, probably contained in the cells of the physique. However the researchers particularly name out the truth that these machines can “self-replicate its total 3D construction and capabilities.”

Three-dimensional self-replicating nano-robots built from just four strands of DNA
Three-dimensional self-replicating nano-robots constructed from simply 4 strands of DNA

Feng Zhou

They don’t seem to be solely self-contained; the robots, whereas “programmable,” act in response to externally managed temperature and UV mild, and so they require that UV mild to “weld” the items of DNA they’re assembling collectively.

One different factor standing between humanity and the good Grey Goo apocalypse at this level is the truth that they cannot make copies of themselves – or certainly, the rest – with out ample provides of the exact snippets of DNA they want.

Nonetheless, it is fairly unimaginable stuff, and a glimpse into the probabilities which are speeding towards us at breakneck tempo. Is that this what dwelling by means of the Singularity seems like?

Supply: Science Robotics

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