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Tuesday, April 2, 2024

This Vitality-Harvesting Keychain Accent Takes Temperatures on the Faucet of a Smartphone

Pseudonymous maker “unsurv” has designed a keychain accent that is really a battery-free thermometer, harvesting sufficient vitality to take a studying once you scan its near-field communication (NFC) tag together with your smartphone.

“You’re looking at a passive NFC thermometer based mostly on the [Microchip] ATtiny1626 and the [Texas Instruments] RF430CL330H dynamic NFC tag,” unsurv writes of the mission. “To measure the ambient temperature simply maintain your telephone to the system. Energy comes from the magnetic subject the reader creates and is siphoned through two diodes seen on the backside. It creates about 2.7V for the ATtiny and thermometer to work with.”

The precise temperature readings are taken by a Texas Devices TMP117 thermometer, which generally provides 0.1-degree accuracy — however that, given the constraints of the mission and the short-term energy provide, is used right here in one-shot mode. “With my Fluke 54 II Thermometer I can reproduce measurements very exactly,” unsurv notes of the consequence, “after giving the system a while to accommodate (2-3 minutes).”

Studying a temperature sensor with a microcontroller is not often a tough mission, however once you’re harvesting vitality utilizing a self-designed NFC antenna it poses new and attention-grabbing challenges. An preliminary try to make use of the ATtiny3227 with an analog temperature sensor failed as a consequence of a scarcity of steady reference voltage, which led unsurv to modify to the “moderately costly however very correct” TMP117 with its built-in analog to digital converter. “[I] wanted to make use of some unofficial brownout detection voltages to make it work,” the maker provides.

The tag works greatest with Android gadgets, its creator notes, with Apple’s iOS devices needing “particular angling” to learn reliably. (📹” unsurv)

“Android is best at detecting the system that iOS,” unsurv says of the compact board’s real-world utilization testing, “which wants some particular angling. Programming is finished through testpoints and pogo pins on the again of the PCB.”

Extra info on the mission is accessible in unsurv’s Reddit publish, with KiCad mission information and Arduino supply code revealed to GitHub below an unspecified license; unsurv can be promoting assembled variations of the board on Tindie for $35.

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