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Saturday, June 8, 2024

Understanding the Grasping Finest-First Search Algorithm


The way to get the shortest path? A intelligent problem-solver, nevertheless, in case you use the Grasping Finest-First Search (GBFS) algorithm, you’re keen to assist. Consider it as that one pal who at all times places the most effective foot ahead. On this sequence of articles, I’ll clarify Grasping Finest-First Search and present examples utilizing Python code. On this weblog submit, Allow us to see the wonders of Grasping Finest-First Search whereas it makes good decisions and when it’s apt for the job.

Studying Outcomes

  • Perceive the fundamental ideas of the Grasping Finest-First Search (GBFS) algorithm.
  • Learn to implement the GBFS algorithm in Python.
  • Discover using Euclidean distance as a heuristic for GBFS.
  • Analyze the benefits and downsides of utilizing GBFS for pathfinding.
  • Apply GBFS to unravel pathfinding issues in grid-based situations.
Greedy Best-First Search

How does GBFS Work?

Right here’s a easy approach to perceive the GBFS algorithm:

  • Begin initially: You begin on the preliminary place or node.
  • Consider choices: Take a look at all of the locations you possibly can go subsequent.
  • Select the best choice: Decide the place that appears closest to the objective.
  • Repeat: Maintain transferring to the best-looking subsequent place till you attain the objective.

Sounds easy, proper? However there’s a catch! The GBFS algorithm doesn’t at all times discover the shortest path as a result of it solely seems to be at what appears finest proper now, not contemplating the entire journey.

Step-by-Step Instance

Let’s see an instance utilizing a easy grid. Think about now we have a 4×4 grid, and we need to go from the top-left nook (0, 0) to the bottom-right nook (3, 3). Right here’s the grid with some obstacles:

[ [0, 1, 1, 1]
[1, 0, 1, 1]
[1, 0, 0, 1]
[1, 1, 0, 0] ]

On this grid, 1 means you possibly can’t undergo that cell, and 0 means you possibly can. We’ll use the Euclidean distance as our heuristic, which is only a fancy means of claiming the straight-line distance to the objective.

Writing the GBFS Algorithm in Python

Right here’s how we are able to write the Grasping Finest-First Search algorithm in Python.

Python Code:

import heapq
import math
class Node:
    def __init__(self, x, y, price):
        self.x = x
        self.y = y
        self.price = price
    def __lt__(self, different):
        return self.price < different.price
def euclidean_distance(x1, y1, x2, y2):
    return math.sqrt((x1 - x2)**2 + (y1 - y2)**2)
def greedy_best_first_search(grid, begin, objective):
    rows = len(grid)
    cols = len(grid[0])
    pq = []
    heapq.heappush(pq, Node(begin[0], begin[1], 0))
    visited = set()
    visited.add((begin[0], begin[1]))
    instructions = [(-1, 0), (1, 0), (0, -1), (0, 1)]
    whereas pq:
        present = heapq.heappop(pq)
        if (present.x, present.y) == objective:
            print(f"Objective reached at ({present.x}, {present.y})")
        for d in instructions:
            new_x, new_y = present.x + d[0], present.y + d[1]
            if 0 <= new_x < rows and 0 <= new_y < cols and grid[new_x][new_y] == 0 and (new_x, new_y) not in visited:
                price = euclidean_distance(new_x, new_y, objective[0], objective[1])
                heapq.heappush(pq, Node(new_x, new_y, price))
                visited.add((new_x, new_y))
    print("Objective not reachable")

# Instance grid
grid = [
    [0, 1, 1, 1],
    [1, 0, 1, 1],
    [1, 0, 0, 1],
    [1, 1, 0, 0]


begin = (0, 0)
objective = (3, 3)
greedy_best_first_search(grid, begin, objective)

Clarification of the Code

  • Node Class: This class represents a degree within the grid. It shops the x and y coordinates and the price to achieve that node.
  • Euclidean Distance: This perform calculates the straight-line distance between two factors, which we use as our heuristic.
  • Precedence Queue: We use Python’s `heapq` to handle our precedence queue. This helps us at all times decide the subsequent node with the smallest price.
  • Visited Set: To maintain observe of the nodes now we have already checked, we use a set referred to as `visited`.
  • Instructions: These are the potential strikes (up, down, left, proper) we are able to make from any level.

Working the Algorithm

Whenever you run this code, it begins from the top-left nook (0, 0) and tries to maneuver to the bottom-right nook (3, 3). It picks the subsequent step primarily based on which one seems to be closest to the objective utilizing the Euclidean distance.

Benefits and Disadvantages


  • Easy and Simple to Implement: The GBFS algorithm is simple to know.
  • Quick: It might shortly discover a path to the objective if the heuristic is sweet.


  • Not At all times Optimum: It doesn’t assure the shortest path.
  • Can Get Caught: Generally, it would get caught in a loop or go down a dead-end path if the heuristic is deceptive.


The Grasping Finest-First Search algorithm supplies a precious approach for tackling pathfinding issues in grids or graphs. Its power lies in quickly figuring out promising routes towards the objective by leveraging a well-designed heuristic perform. Nonetheless, it’s essential to know that the GBFS method doesn’t assure discovering the optimum, shortest path. Its grasping nature might typically lead it astray if the heuristic is imperfect or deceptive.

Regardless of this limitation, the algorithm’s simplicity, effectivity, and talent to supply fairly good options shortly make it a precious software for programmers, significantly in time-sensitive conditions the place a near-optimal resolution is preferable to an exhaustive however computationally costly seek for absolutely the shortest path. Cautious implementation and heuristic design can assist harness the facility of GBFS for a variety of pathfinding challenges.

Incessantly Requested Questions

Q1. What’s the Grasping Finest-First Search (GBFS) algorithm?

A. The Grasping Finest-First Search algorithm is a pathfinding approach that selects the subsequent transfer primarily based on which possibility seems closest to the objective, utilizing a heuristic to information its selections.

Q2. How does GBFS differ from different pathfinding algorithms?

A. Not like algorithms like A* that take into account each the present price and the estimated price to the objective, GBFS focuses solely on the heuristic estimate to the objective, making it sooner however not at all times optimum.

Q3. Can GBFS assure discovering the shortest path?

A. No, GBFS doesn’t assure the shortest path as a result of it solely considers the heuristic estimate and never the general price from the begin to the objective.

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